A History of the Eade Family of Surrey, Sussex & Hampshire 1250–1990
Robyn Lane and Andrew Eade

Cover of Shottermill part 1

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Replaced by 978-1-873855-69-0

Front cover: The 1774 Bond that bound George and William Edde
to John Osborn

Paperback - 280 pages, illustrated with photographs and maps
John Owen Smith; ISBN: 978-1-873855-58-4; June 2010

Associated titles: Shottermill, part 1 & Shottermill, part 2 by Greta A Turner


Back Cover . Contents . List of Illustrations . Acknowledgements . Foreword . Glossary of Terms . About the Authors


Back Cover

We follow the fortunes of the Eade family over seven and a half centuries as, with an eye for the main chance, they attempt to climb the ladder of prosperity by constructing, amassing and then protecting their land holdings over the centuries while diversifying into trades such as bricklaying and stonemasonry.

From 13th century Chiddingfold in Surrey they spilled over the adjacent county border into West Sussex around Northchapel and Lurgashall and then into Bramshott and Headley in Hampshire via the Sussex settlement of Linchmere, relentlessly pursuing their aspirations.

When all of this eventually began to unravel in the Hampshire village of Hawkley at the end of the 18th century, family fortunes stuttered on for a while with a Market Garden Business located in Petersfield. However it was courtesy of the empire's Armed Forces that poverty was staved off and Eades visited much of the globe then marked pink.

The available records provide a fascinating glimpse into past times throughout the centuries where events such as the plague, diseases, war and market downturns make their indelible mark on a family line that survives to this day.


Table of contents

Dedication
Contents
List of Maps and Illustrations
Acknowledgements
Foreword
Chapter 1 - The Eudes of Pockford and Combe
Chapter 2 - The Edes of Southneys
Chapter 3 - The Edes of Killinghurst
Chapter 4 - Peter Ede of Dunsfold
Chapter 5 - William Edes of Hambledon & Munstead
Chapter 6 - Peter Ede of Linchmere
Chapter 7 - Thomas Ede of Linchmere
Chapter 8 - William Eede of Bramshott
Chapter 9 - George Edde of Bramshott
Chapter 10 - William Eade of Bramshott
Chapter 11 - John Eads of Bramshott
Chapter 12 - Charles Eade of Petersfield
Chapter 13 - William Eade of Horndean
Chapter 14 - Albert V.H. Eade of Secunderabad
Appendix 1 - Lay Subsidy Rolls for Surrey 1545 to 1642
Appendix 2 - Glossary of Terms
Appendix 3 - List of Sources


List of Illustrations

i. Quitclaim by John le Hauec c1270
ii. Ede Landholdings in and around Chiddingfold c1250–c1650
iii. Parish Map of the Hampshire, Sussex and Surrey Border
1. Udes Landholdings at Pockford and White Beech
2. Eudes of Pockford and White Beech Family Tree
3. Edes of Combe Family Tree
4. Location of Edes de Combe otherwise Sevyer
5. Ede Land Holdings South of Chiddingfold
6. Edes of Southneys Family Tree
7. Killinghurst Estate and Adjacent Sussex Holdings
8. Edes of Killinghurst Family Tree I
9. Location of Spottersleye in the Parish of Hambledon
10. Chiddingfold Lay Subsidy Rolls 1559
11. Locations of Combe, Hallands and Munstead Farms
12. Edes of Killinghurst Family Tree II
13. Henry Ede of Shalford Feet of Fines 1595
14. Marriage entry of Peter Ede and Jane Punter 1578
15. William Edes known Land Holdings in Hambledon
16. Map of 'Munsted Farm' 1726
17. William Ede of Munstead Family Tree
18. Will of William Ede of Hambledon 1610
19. Location of Danleys, Stanleys and Causey End in Linchmere
20. Donation for the Relief of Irish Protestants 1642
21. Peter Ede of Linchmere Family Tree
22. Burial Record of Katherine Eade at Bramshott 1678
23. Thomas Edde of Linchmere Family Tree
24. Location of Ede family at Waterside Farm and Hollywater
25. Will of Mathew Eed of Headley 1737
26. William Ides of Bramshott Family Tree
27. Ede Family Properties in Hollywater
28. Marriage Banns for William Eads of Headley 1781
29. Headley Stone Mason Brothers Family Tree
30. Marriage Allegation of George Edde 1744
31. George Edde of Hollywater Family Tree
32. Part of Valuation of Ludshott Manor Estate 1786
33. George Eads' handwritten note to Sir Thomas Miller
34 Indenture for Land in Bramshott 1793
35. Bond Binding George & William Edde 1774 (see front cover)
36. William Eade of Bramshott Family Tree
37. The Changing Signatures of William Eade
38. Burial Record of Enoch Eade at Petersfield 1830
39. John Eads of Petersfield Family Tree
40. Congregational Records of Petersfield Independent Chapel
41. Part of Tithe Map of Petersfield 1851
42. John Eade of Sheet Family Tree
43. Ebenezer Eade of Petersfield Family Tree
44. Samuel Eade of Dorking Family Tree
45. Charles Eade of Petersfield Family Tree
46. Marriage Entry for Charles Eade and Sarah Plasto 1846
47. Edward Eade of Petersfield Family Tree
48. Photographs of Edward Eade and Honoria Feerick
49. (Ebenezer) Alfred Eade of Petersfield Family Tree
50. William Harris Eade's 1908 Army Certificate of Education
51. Charles Eade of Winchester Family Tree
52. William Eade's Attestation of 1878
53. William Eade of Horndean Family Tree
54. The Announcement of William Eade's Continuation in the Service
55. Photograph of Arthur Barry Eade 1921
55. Nominal Roll of the 9th Lancers 1914–1918
56. Descendants of William Eade's Children Family Tree
57. Photograph of Q.M. Sergeant William Eade
58. Albert Eade of Secunderabad Family Tree
59. Army References for Sergeant Albert Eade
60. Albert Eade's Reference from Sarisbury Court
61. Photographs of Albert Eade and Florence Rook
62. Photographs of Victor and Trevor Eade
63. Photograph of Trevor George William Eade


Acknowledgements

Much of the research for this particular branch of the Eade family has been done by the authors themselves and in so doing has provided many interesting, satisfying, funny, sad and ultimately very moving moments. However, by any stretch of the imagination, this could not be done alone and invaluable assistance was provided by individuals that staff the county archive and record offices at Winchester, Chichester and Woking, without whose direct help and assistance much information would have remained uncovered.

These three repositories proved to be the source for much of the material used within this book covering, as they do, the respective counties of Hampshire, Sussex and Surrey. In addition to these archives The London Metropolitan Archives, whose records also encompass part of Surrey, went to the unprecedented lengths of restoring a vital will of 1568 vintage in order to make the document available for research. An equally important marriage license of the early 18th century that had been tagged as unavailable due to its general condition was likewise produced for inspection. The Public Records Office at Kew in turn provided records of some antiquity and great interest where once again the help and assistance of staff proved invaluable to piecing this story together.

All of this, of course, bodes well for those striking out with a newly-found interest in tracing their family's roots.

The local museums located in the towns of Haslemere and Godalming, both in the county of Surrey, were incredibly rich sources of information, the former holding the works of Chiddingfold's historian, the Reverend TS Cooper, with Godalming Museum the current resting place of the encyclopaedic works of Percy Woods. It is very difficult to describe and fully acknowledge the way that volunteers and archivists at places such as these simply 'bend over backwards' to provide so much help and assistance. To single out individuals for their forbearance is of course quite wrong but mention must be made of Shirley Dixon at Godalming and Greta Turner at Haslemere for all of their kind assistance. Indeed our gratitude towards Mrs Turner probably knows no bounds as the information that she provided by way of her own private work on the Manorial Records of Linchmere in Sussex quite improbably bridged that huge gap by the name of the 17th century in stunning detail and consequently made this book possible. Generosity on this scale is a thing of marvel and can never be repaid.

John Owen Smith's marvellous website for the parish of Headley in Hampshire came to the fore as home to an extensive 'Eade' family well before any links were actually proved. Upon discovery of so much copious and detailed information it prompted the comment that "wouldn't it be marvellous if our family came from here," they did and it certainly was. It was through this site that contact was first made with Jennette Gest, a 'cousin' in Australia who had already completed an in-depth work on the family during the 19th century, much of which is contained in the following pages. Why such people take so much time, trouble and interest to supply such invaluable information to the world in general is known only unto themselves. Thanks must also be made to those who opened up their homes which at one time or another had been occupied by Eade members, in such a welcoming and interested manner. Marilyn Metcalfe at Hollywater and Colonel Baker at Rovehurst are two who are singled out amongst a number of others in various locations at Chiddingfold, Linchmere and Hollywater.

A number of Eade family descendents were inevitably and somewhat excitingly contacted throughout this research and who in turn have supplied detailed events which are recorded within. The final mention is reserved for Sara Eade who holds a huge amount of records that concern all aspects of the Eade family worldwide. Although in the end there proved to be no family ties between the subjects of this history and Sara, she supplied abundant vital information that knitted together much of the past 150 years.

That it was possible to devote the past years to producing this history of our family was in no small part due to our respective spouses Becky and Ken who for most of the time at least retained their sense of humour, and at other times actively encouraged and joined in the research.


Foreword

The story within this book is one of a fairly interesting but unremarkable family of mainly yeoman farmers that nonetheless spanned the course of nearly 800 years. It is quite possible that they had originated in Normandy and sallied forth across the channel for their particular date with destiny and that famous 'set to' with the Saxon King Harold in 1066 as it appears that five knights carried the same name of Eude. The most famous of these was of course Bishop Odo who was half brother to William himself and coincidently held land around Godalming, an area pivotal to this book. The French spelling of this 'club wielding bishop' was "Eude," or "Eude Eveque de Bayeux" to be exact.

The bishop's namesakes and fellow travellers were Eude Comte de Champagne, Eude le Flamand, Eude de Fourneaux, Eude le Senechal (le Sinichal) and lastly Eude Cul de Louf. This latter name, like so many, was probably a nickname that possibly referred to some shortcomings with his digestive system. This name was applied to a number of 13th century family documents that included some spelling variants such as "Hude" "Oede" and "Ude," names that nonetheless varied only a little in pronunciation. However, whether the family were a minor branch of one of these individuals or merely associated with them in some way would require further research, presuming it were possible to prove at all. Wherever they had arrived from they had settled around the Surrey village of Chiddingfold by the middle of the 13th century where they held various small tracts of land at nearby Whitebeech and Pockford, which surrounded a dwelling that was referred to in 1337 as "a mansion called Udes." A local historian, the Reverend T.S. Cooper, has interestingly traced the probable location of this dwelling. The land in this area is very poor and not only does it mainly consist of clay but much of it slopes downward to the streams that criss-cross the area. Although now heavily wooded the field boundaries in use by the family at this time are still very evident as is the route of the lane that serviced them. Although better placed than most, survival for the 'Udes' must have been a daily grind.

Not long after this date the family faced the horrors of the Black Death and the immense changes to medieval society and structure that followed in its wake. It is quite evident from the records that it took many years, in fact throughout the entire 15th century, for family numbers to recover and family landholdings to increase once more, and this only finally happened with any consequence during the beginning of the 16th century, although throughout this entire time the Edes, as they were now called, remained in occupation of their holdings at Whitebeech and Pockford.
By this time the family held further tracts of land around Chiddingfold which included holdings by the names of Southneys, Combe, Rovehurst and Killinghurst, holdings confirmed by the local Lay Subsidies of that period. Here the family's fortunes fluctuated over time but they remained or, more accurately, dallied around Chiddingfold for a further 200 years. Slightly to the south of that village they had flourished within the parishes of North Chapel, Lurgashall and Kirdford in the county of Sussex and apparently remained farming in that area until the 20th century. The Ede family line that we follow in this book had by 1600 settled a handful of miles to the north of Chiddingfold at the village of Hambledon from where a lease was taken out on the 285 acre holding of Munstead. It was from this farm that was to remain in the family's tenure for nearly 50 years, that Peter Ede departed, probably due to the terms of his father's will, in or around 1639 when he married a landholding widow from Linchmere in Sussex.
Here they remained until the end of that unhappy century where, for part of the Civil War, Peter occupied the position of Church Warden. Peter was probably not for the King and signed the 'Protestation' of 1640, although it would have been a brave or foolhardy man to ignore it; as well he would make a donation towards the relief of Irish Protestants during 1642. It was the fact that his wife Elizabeth had been married before and had issue by way of her first husband which was to drive the Ede family from their Linchmere landholdings and over the county border into Hampshire at the very beginning of the 18th century.

They seem to have settled around Passfield and Hollywater in Bramshott and Headley Parishes where they once again occupied significant pieces of land, although undetermined links with Bramshott certainly existed prior to this as some of the Ede children had been baptized there some 25 years before.

During 1701 the first mention is made of the ancillary trade of stone masonry that would deliver many family members of a significant income and enhanced status in their community.

The Ede family lingered in this general location for another 180 years or so and over this period a huge family grew and for some part prospered in the parishes of Bramshott and Headley. Their more lucrative trades centred on farming, bricklaying and masonry with this latter trade, evidenced by building work on two local churches, being centred in Headley. It was here that 'Edes Builders' were established in the final quarter of the 18th century, a venture that finally ran out of steam around 1810. Family members remained around Hollywater, generally in the Bramshott portion of that hamlet, where a number of snapshots of their lives over the previous years reveal a full gambit of family feuds, questionable wills, litigation, mortgages, jail, and hard times, all of which was topped off by an interesting little handwritten note written around the final decade of the 18th century by septuagenarian George Edde, alias, Eede, Eade Eades Ead or Eads to local worthy and land-owner Sir Thomas Miller.
The Hollywater and Bramshott link followed in this book was finally cast asunder by an eldest son who had inherited his mother's land when she died intestate during 1772. William Eade, Edde or Eads as he was variously called eventually gravitated to the Hampshire village of Hawkley where, after appearing to lose everything, perhaps due to farming difficulties or simple incompetence, he died in 1802.

Despite one extended family member emigrating to Canada it would have been usual for 'that to have been that' and for the Ede family history to repose amongst the usual mundane records of the general population of that time. On the contrary, that was not to be and despite a veritable historical black hole that did occur at this relatively recent time, William's son emerged complete with a non-conformist streak in the nearby town of Petersfield where the family were once again found demonstrating an entrepreneurial spirit and renting land for a market garden business in that town. It was at this time that the spelling of the family name was finally fixed as "Eade." This market garden business came to a shuddering halt in the middle of the 19th century, but not before John Eade's children had scattered and taken off relatively quickly to various points around the country with one daughter deciding to leave England for good and sailing to Australia. It does seem evident that, perhaps due to the privations of his own upbringing, John's household was not a happy one.

Little if nothing changed as the years rolled by until poverty drove five Eade brothers into the forces during the last quarter of the 1800s. This once more leads to a riot of information and the slightest of glimpses into the world of empire and the workings of Great Britain as the world's super power. Certainly all were characters, but in particular Edward Eade whose descendants eventually emigrated to Canada prior to the First World War, and his brother (Ebenezer) Alfred Eade whose only surviving son settled in Birmingham after the Great War with some of his descendants later departing for Australia.

As with most families the 1914–1918 war exacted a terrible cost on the extended Eade family both during hostilities and after they had ceased, and a list of known family members who played their part in that awful conflict has been added to this book dedicated to their memory and courage. Some family members answered the call immediately, others were either already career soldiers or joined at a later date, all however must have paid a most terrible price one way or another.

As this record winds its way onward the line encounters a double tragedy that leaves two family members as orphans and touches on their lives before coming to a close.

The Eade family were probably little different to most, but luckily left behind detailed surviving records that provide some insight into their lives, deaths, families, aspirations and trials. Although some assumptions and conclusions have been drawn to try and colour in the various players and the events that affected them, this account is hopefully reasonably accurate and supported throughout by various records and the work of other historians as acknowledged. At times the events recorded must have been joyous but as ever when dealing with tragedy and death the overall direction must always veer towards sadness, but then isn't that just life?


Glossary of Terms

Alienation – The transfer of ownership from one person to another.
Appurtenances – Various rights associated with a tenancy, such as grazing common land.
Avoirdupois – System of weights and measurement used in English speaking countries.
Ayah – Indian nursemaid that looks after children.
Bilghty – Slang for England derived from the Hindi word 'Bilati' meaning foreign.
Bishops Transcripts – Annual parish list of marriages, baptisms and burials sent to their bishop.
Blighty Wound – A non-life threatening wound that required hospitalisation in England.
Bridewell – A Jail or House of Correction for minor offenders.
Cantonment – Temporary or semi-permanent military camp typically in India, Pakistan and Ceylon.
Cardwell System – Rotation of British Army Regiments post 1873, named after the then Secretary of War Edward Cardwell.
Carman – Carrier or Carter, a transporter of goods.
Clove Gilly Flower – Carnation
Conditional Surrender – Land held by the Lord of the Manor as security for a mortgage. Where the tenant had failed to repay the loan the lender was admitted to the land.
Cord of Wood – Volume of cut wood equal to 128 cubic feet made up in a pile 8 feet long, 4 feet high and 4 feet breadth.
Court Baron – Manorial Court overseeing the transfer of land, organisation of common fields and meadows, and abatement of nuisances plus rentals, heriots and occupations.
Curia – Court held in the Kings name, Court of Justice.
Customary Tenant – A tenant who held his land without a copy of an entry in the manorial rolls. Holding land according to the customs of the manor.
Cut (river) – Channel made by digging or cutting.
Deed of Entail – Property law; to restrict an estate to a designated line of heirs.
Deforciant – A person who keeps out of possession the rightful owner of an estate or a person against whom a fictitious fine (or law suit) is brought. (Feet of Fines – usually the seller)
Demesne Lands – Manorial land retained for the use of the Lord of the Manor.
Demise – To convey a property by lease.
Draege Carte – Cart for hauling timber.
Estate Tail – Lands and tenements given to the heirs of a body begotten or of a particular wife.
Exemplification – An attested copy or transcript under seal.
Fealty – Loyalty sworn to a Lord.
Fee – Land granted by the Lord to be held on condition of Service. Freehold estate of Inheritance.
Feet of Fine – Bottom portion of a fictitious law suite for the transfer of land, also used to break a Deed of Entail.
Feoffment – Grant of land in trust. Mode of conveying land or property.
Fine – Payment made by a tenant at the start of his tenancy to reduce subsequent rent or a sum of money paid by a man to his Lord for a privilege. A method of transferring land in England by means of a fictitious law suit. A fee for some service of the court.
Frankpledge – Pledge or Surety for the good behaviour of Freemen made responsible for each other. 10 households.
Freehold – Manorial land held free of the requirement to observe the customs of the manor, but not free of charge.
Free Tenant – A tenant of freehold land. Tenant who paid a money rent to the Lord of the Manor.
Garden – Inclosed land for the cultivation of herbs, fruit, and vegetables.
Homage – A set of customary tenants acting as a jury at a manorial court.
Heriot – Tribute or fine as the best beast or other chattel payable to the Lord of the Fee on the decease of the landholder.
Hundred – Ancient division of a county in England.
Husbandman – Working farmer, generally below the rank and status of a Yeoman.
Indenture – A document written in duplicate on the same parchment and divided into two by cutting a wavy line.
Kene – Plural of Kine, Cattle.
Lay Subsidy – An occasional wealth tax from the 13th to 16th centuries.
Marriage Allegation – Allegation of intention to marry confirming that there is no legal impediment to the marriage.
Marriage License – A license, issued after the allegation, dispensing with the proclamation of banns.
Matelot – British slang for a Sailor.
Messuage – Dwelling house and out buildings at law.
Moiety – A half, one of two parts of something or divisions of something.
Overseer – Someone charged with delivering the terms of a will or a minor official of a parish.
Potman – Worked in a public house cleaning glasses.
Purpresture – Land obtained by encroachment on common, waste or woodland.
Querent – Usually the seller in Feet of Fines. Plaintiff.
Quitclaim – Formal renunciation of any claim against a person or right to land.
Quit Rent – The payment of a fee to free a tenant of services and obligations due within the terms of the agreement for his holding.
RCR – Reserve Cavalry Regiment.
Recusant – Someone who is obstinate or fails to conform to general practice. A religious nonconformist.
Relief – Fine paid to the lord of the Manor (after the death of an ancestor) at the taking of an estate. Assistance given under poor laws to a Pauper
Rood – Quarter of an acre.
Seisin / Seizin – Possession of land or other property as opposed to ownership
Sorrow Stone – Memorial Stone.
Suit of Court – Attendance at the manorial court.
Surrender – The first stage of transfer of copyhold land by giving it up to the Lord of the Manor.
Tenement – Property law, permanent property and land. Dwelling house.
Terrier – A register or survey of land.
Tithingman – Chief of frankpledge, one elected to preside over a tithing.
Turbary – Manorial right to cut turf.
Vouchee – Person summoned into court to give warranty of title.
Widows Bench – Widows right to hold her husband's copyhold property for the payment of a fee to the Lord of the Manor.
Yeoman – Prosperous working farmers below the rank of gentry.


About the Authors

Andrew John Eade was born in his Grandmother's house; "Orion", The priory, Leominster in January 1954. His family moved to Wellington in Shropshire during 1955 where he was educated and set down roots.

Having attended the local Grammar School he served an engineering apprenticeship and worked for several local companies before jointly starting a successful business in 1988.

Andrew still lives in Shropshire and is the father of three girls; Gemma, Victoria and Beatrice. He has been a local councillor continuously since 1983 and at the time of publishing is the Leader of the Telford and Wrekin unitary authority.

Roberta (Robyn) Lane was born in London, Ontario Canada and is the eldest child of Bob and Ivey Spicer (Ivey is the daughter of John Beck and Edith Eade). She spent her life growing up in a Naval Military family moving from one coast of Canada to the other, which is an education in itself, and then continuing that way of life when she married her husband Ken.

Retired from secretarial work, and living in Sackville Nova Scotia, Robyn now happily spends her time digging through and piecing together the family's history; a legacy she lovingly leaves to her daughter Taryn and her grandchildren.


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